VARIRTY OF BONE DISEASES IMAGING BY BONE SCINTINGRAPHY

Title: VARIRTY OF BONE DISEASES IMAGING BY BONE SCINTINGRAPHY

Author(s): Abdelkader Salama

ABSTRACT

Bone scintigraphy is a special type of nuclear medicine procedure that uses small amounts of radioactive material to diagnose and assess the severity of a variety of bone diseases and conditions, including fractures, infection, and cancer. The main agent in current clinical use for bone scanning is (MDP). The imaging technique plays an important role in preoperative evaluation, treatment efficacy evaluation and monitoring of bone metastases. Bone scan is able to evaluate the total body in one study, as well as its availability and low cost, makes it a useful modality to locate, diagnose, and evaluate bone pathology. Scintigraphy can provide early detection of primary cancer and cancer that has spread to the bones from other parts of the body. Bone scan able to pinpoint molecular activity within the body, and it offers the potential to identify disease in its earliest stages. In this research different results of cases of bone disease which detected by using bone scan techniques are visualized, presented and reviewed thus the concluding remarks were abstracted. More work are needed in this area.

KEYWORDS: Bone Metastases, Bone Scan, Diagnose, MDP, Nuclear Medicine

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