Title: REFERENCE RANGE OF BODY TEMPERATURE IN SUDAN
Author(s): Ishag Ibrahim Gumma Sheriff and Hamid Gad Elmoula Salim
Constancy of core body temperature is a hallmark of its intact. Measuring body temperature is a routine process made by clinicians for diagnosis and prescribing the treatment. Establishing a reference range of body temperature as well as its diurnal variation in Sudanese community orally was the objective of this cross-sectional research. Two-hundred-thirty-five apparently fit subjects (202 males and 33 females) aged 18 to 50 years were enrolled during mid-January to first March, 2007. The study was conducted at Alfashir city – West Sudan; among University students, army residents, and Quran students. A questionnaire was used to exclude temperature disturbance cases. Oral temperature was measured in the morning and the evening by mercury-in-glass thermometer, and then mean oral temperature (MOT) and its diurnal variation (DV) were obtained by analyzing the measured data with statistical programme for social sciences (SPSS) and software t-test. The MOT and its DV were found to be 36.47 ± 0.35oC and 0.94 ±0.61oC respectively. The data showed significant relation of body temperature with both sex (more in females) and age (p = 0.001) with its decrease in elderly. The values of MOT and its DV in January and February (to beginning of March) were 36.43 ± 0.99oC and 36.79 ± 0.53oC respectively. The study indicated 36.5 ± 0.9oC as a reference mean body temperature among Sudanese population. The women and young ages appear to have high body temperatures. The reverse values between MOT and its DV as showed by the study deserves further work.
KEYWORDS: Reference range, body temperature, diurnal variation, Sudan.