PREVALENCE OF ASCARIASIS AMONG CHILDREN IN ANYIGBA COMMUNITY DEKINA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KOGI STATE, NIGERIA

Title: PREVALENCE OF ASCARIASIS AMONG CHILDREN IN ANYIGBA COMMUNITY DEKINA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KOGI STATE, NIGERIA

Author(s): Onoja AO,  Kadiri UJ and Oladejo SO

ABSTRACT

Ascariasis occurs in rural areas, is one of the most common helminthic human infections worldwide. Highest prevalence in tropical and subtropical regions, and areas with inadequate sanitation.Ascariasis has a worldwide distribution. It causes death, impairs the physical, mental and intellectual development thereby exerting tremendous, impact on productivity of individuals especially the future leaders of tomorrow. This study determined the prevalence of Ascariasis among Primary school children in Anyigba community, Kogi State, Nigeria. A total of 640 stool samples were examined using formal ether concentration techniques and also four different hospital records of 530 diagnosed helminth cases were collected. Out of the 640 school children examined (43.59%), likewise out of the 530 diagnosed hospital cases (47.74%) harboured Ascaris lumbricoides. Prevalence among male (45.10%) were higher than that of the female (41.91%). The age group between 7 – 9 years had the highest prevalence in both stool samples and hospital diagnosed cases (55.17% and 73.55% respectively) and the infection reduced as age increased. Data acquired from this study are closely correlated with a direct effect of lack of sanitation, poverty, ignorance, poor environmental hygiene and personal hygiene, shortage of potable water, indiscriminate defecation and impoverished health services. Hence targeted treatment of children with antihelminthic drugs regularly, public enlightenment for school children, parents and teachers on the modes of transmission and prevention helminthes (A. lumbricoides) infections is needed.

 Keywords: Ascariasis, Environment, Sanitation and Antihelminthic.

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